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Brassica oleracea

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.3–1.6 ?
  • Growth form: monocarpic perennial non-clonal herb ?
  • Life form: chamaephyte (therophyte) ?
  • Life strategy: CR - competitor/ruderal ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method based on leaf traits): S/CSR ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, C-score): 18.8 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, S-score): 59.1 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, R-score): 22.1 % ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): alternate ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire ?
  • Stipules: absent ?
  • Petiole: both present and absent ?
  • Leaf persistence: persistent green ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: May-October ?
  • Flower colour: yellow ?
  • Flower symmetry: actinomorphic ?
  • Perianth: calyx and corolla ?
  • Fusion of the perianth: free ?
  • Calyx fusion: aposepalous ?
  • Inflorescence type: racemus ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious ?
  • Generative reproduction mode: allogamy self-incompatibility ?
  • Pollen vector: insects ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – siliqua ?
  • Fruit colour: brown ?
  • Reproduction type: only by seed/spores ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): seed ?
  • Dispersal strategies: Allium (mainly autochory) ?
  • Myrmecochory: non-myrmecochorous (b) ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): dicyclic or polycyclic shoots prevailing ?
  • Primary root presence: present ?
  • Position of root buds: lateral roots ?
  • Role of root buds in life-history of a plant: additive ?
  •   Bud bank ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 3
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 8
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 3
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 11
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 15
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 31
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 9

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: archaeophyte ?
  • Invasion status: casual ?
  • Geographic origin: Mediterranean ?
  • Introduction pathway: accidental introduction ?

Habitat and sociology

  •   Occurrence in habitats ?
  •   4 Wetland and riverine herbaceous vegetation
  • 4H Vegetation of low annual hygrophilous herbs: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 4I Vegetation of nitrophilous annual hygrophilous herbs: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   13 Anthropogenic vegetation
  • 13A Annual vegetation of ruderal habitats: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 13B Annual vegetation of arable land: 2 - optimum
  • 13D Perennial thermophilous ruderal vegetation: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   Affinity to the forest environment ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 0 - taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 0 - taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional ?
  • Floristic region: Europe ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and in quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 103, 129 ?
  •   Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 5
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 1
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 2
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 1

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): taxon is not on the Red List ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): LC(NA) - least concern (taxon is not on the Red List) ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law ?

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