Carex echinata

new search

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.1–0.3
    ?
  • Growth form: clonal herb
    ?
  • Life form: hemicryptophyte
    ?
  • Life strategy: CSR – competitor/stress-tolerator/ruderal
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method based on leaf traits): S/SR
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, C-score): 9.5 %
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, S-score): 71.9 %
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, R-score): 18.6 %
    ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified
    ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): alternate
    ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire
    ?
  • Stipules: absent
    ?
  • Petiole: absent
    ?
  • Leaf life span: evergreen
    ?
  • Leaf anatomy: helomorphic
    ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: May-July
    ?
  • Flowering phase: 5 Sorbus aucuparia-Galium odoratum (end of mid-spring)
    ?
  • Flower colour: green
    ?
  • Perianth: flower achlamydeous
    ?
  • Inflorescence type: spica e spiculis composita
    ?
  • Dicliny: monoecious
    ?
  • Generative reproduction type: facultative allogamy
    ?
  • Pollination syndrome: wind-pollination
    ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – nut enclosed in an utricle
    ?
  • Fruit colour: brown, grey
    ?
  • Reproduction type: by seed/spores and vegetatively
    ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): fruit, infrutescence or its part
    ?
  • Dispersal strategies: Allium (mainly autochory)
    ?
  • Myrmecochory: probably non-myrmecochorous
    ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot metamorphosis: stolon, rhizome
    ?
  • Storage organ: stolon, rhizome, tuft
    ?
  • Type of clonal growth organ: epigeogenous rhizome
    ?
  • Freely dispersible organs of clonal growth: absent
    ?
  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): dicyclic or polycyclic shoots prevailing
    ?
  • Branching type of stem-derived organs of clonal growth: sympodial
    ?
  • Primary root: absent
    ?
  • Persistence of the clonal growth organ [year]: 4
    ?
  • Number of clonal offspring: 4.6
    ?
  • Lateral spreading distance by clonal growth [m]: 0.04
    ?
  • Clonal index: 4
    ?
  • Bud bank

    ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 15
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 20
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 4
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 15
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 20
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 4

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic
    ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous
    ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts
    ?

Karyology

  • Chromosome number (2n): 58
    ?
  • Ploidy level (x): 2
    ?
  • 2C genome size [Mbp]: 733.25
    ?
  • 1Cx monoploid genome size [Mbp]: 366.63
    ?
  • Genomic GC content: 36.7 %
    ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: native
    ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Ellenberg-type indicator values

  • Light indicator value: 7 – half-light plant, mostly occurring at full light, but also in the shade up to about 30% of diffuse radiation incident in an open area
    ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 5x – moderate heat indicator, occurring from lowland to montane belt, mainly in submontane-temperate areas (generalist)
    ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 8 – transition between values 7 and 9
    ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 3 – acidity indicator, occurring mainly in acidic conditions, exceptionally in neutral conditions
    ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 3 – occurring at nutrient-poor sites more frequently than at average sites and exceptionally at rich sites
    ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 – not salt tolerant, glycophyte
    ?
  • Indicator values for disturbance

    ?
  • Whole-community disturbance frequency indicator value: -1.03
  • Herb layer disturbance frequency indicator value: -0.66
  • Whole-community disturbance severity indicator value: 0.17
  • Herb layer disturbance severity indicator value: 0.19
  • Whole-community structure based disturbance indicator value: 0.5
  • Herb layer structure-based disturbance indicator value: 0.6

Habitat and sociology

  • Occurrence in habitats

    ?
  • 2 Alpine and subalpine grasslands

  • 2B Subalpine tall-forb and tall-grass vegetation: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 4 Wetland and riverine herbaceous vegetation

  • 4E Reed vegetation of brooks: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 4F Mesotrophic vegetation of muddy substrata: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 4G Tall-sedge beds: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 5 Vegetation of springs and mires

  • 5B Lowland to montane soft-water springs: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 5C Alpine and subalpine soft-water springs: 2 – optimum
  • 5D Calcareous fens: 2 – optimum
  • 5E Acidic moss-rich fens and peatland meadows: 2 – optimum
  • 5F Transitional mires: 2 – optimum
  • 5G Raised bogs: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 5H Wet peat soils and bog hollows: 2 – optimum
  • 6 Meadows and mesic pastures

  • 6C Pastures and park grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 6D Alluvial meadows of lowland rivers: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 6E Wet Cirsium meadows: 2 – optimum
  • 6F Intermittently wet Molinia meadows: 2 – optimum
  • 6G Vegetation of wet disturbed soils: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 7 Acidophilous grasslands

  • 7A Subalpine and montane acidophilous grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 7B Submontane Nardus grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 10 Saline vegetation

  • 10J Saline steppes: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 11 Heathlands and scrub

  • 11I Willow carrs: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12 Forests

  • 12A Alder carrs: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12B Alluvial forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12L Boreo-continental pine forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12P Peatland pine forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12Q Peatland birch forests: 2 – optimum
  • 12R Acidophilous spruce forests: 2 – optimum
  • Affinity to the forest environment

    ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 2.2 – taxon occurring partly in the forest, but mainly in open vegetation
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 2.2 – taxon occurring partly in the forest, but mainly in open vegetation
  • Diagnostic taxon

    ?
  • Constant taxon

    ?
  • Dominant taxon

    ?
  • Dominant taxon of associations: RBD03 Carici echinatae-Sphagnetum
  • Ecological specialization indices

    ?
  • Ecological specialization index for all vegetation types: 5.7
  • Ecological specialization index for non-forest vegetation: 5.8
  • Ecological specialization index for forest vegetation: 5.1
  • Colonization ability

    ?
  • Index of colonization success (ICS): 6
  • Index of colonization potential (ICP): 4
  • Optimum successional age [years]: 4

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: boreal, northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional, subtropical, austral or antarctic
    ?
  • Floristic region: circumpolar
    ?
  • Distribution range extension along the continentality gradient: 5
    ?
  • Elevational belt in the Czech Republic: colline belt, submontane belt, montane belt
    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and in quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 523, 1306
    ?
  • Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 2.3 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 16.7 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 3.5 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 0.9 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 5.1 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 99 %
  • Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 26
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 9
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 8
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 3

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): taxon is not on the Red List
    ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): LC(NA) – least concern (taxon is not on the Red List)
    ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law
    ?
This web page uses for the attendance analysis cookies. By using this web you agree with this. More info.