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Clinopodium vulgare

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.1-0.8 ?
  • Growth form: clonal herb or dwarf shrub ?
  • Life form: hemikryptophyte ?
  • Life strategy: CS - competitor/stress-tolerator ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method based on leaf traits): CSR ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, C-score): 25.6 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, S-score): 38.2 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, R-score): 36.3 % ?
  • Shoot metamorphosis: runner ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): opposite ?
  • Leaf type: simple ?
  • Simple leaf type: entire ?
  • Stipules: absent ?
  • Petiole: present ?
  • Leaf persistence: summer green ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: June-July ?
  • Flowering phase: 8 Clematis vitalba-Galium sylvaticum (mid-summer) ?
  • Flower colour: white, pink, pink-violet ?
  • Flower symmetry: zygomorphic ?
  • Perianth: calyx and corolla ?
  • Fusion of the perianth: fused ?
  • Shape of the sympetalous corolla or syntepalous perigon: bilabiate ?
  • Calyx fusion: synsepalous ?
  • Inflorescence type: pseudospica e verticillastris composita ?
  • Dicliny: gynomonoecious, gynodioecious ?
  • Generative reproduction mode: facultative allogamy ?
  • Pollen vector: insects ?
  • Pollinator spectrum: bumblebees (solitary bees, hoverflies, unknown) ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit - cluster of four one-seeded nutlets ?
  • Reproduction type: by seed/spores and vegetatively ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): fruit, infrutescence or its part ?
  • Myrmecochory: 1 - myrmecochorous: elaiosome (an obvious fleshy appendage of seed or fruit) present ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Allium ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): monocyclic shoots prevailing ?
  • Branching type of stem-derived organs of clonal growth: sympodial ?
  • Primary root presence: absent ?
  • Persistence of the clonal growth organ [year]: 3 ?
  • Number of clonal offspring: 3.5 ?
  • Lateral spreading distance by clonal growth [m]: 0.13 ?
  • Clonal index: 5 ?
  • Presence of freely dispersible organs of clonal growth: absent ?
  • Type of clonal growth organ: hypogeogenous rhizome ?
  •   Bud bank ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 13
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 18
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 4
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 13
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 18
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 4

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic ?
  • Carnivory: no ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixing: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts ?

Karyology

  • Chromosome number (2n): 20 ?
  • Ploidy level (x): 2 ?
  • 2C genome size (Mbp): 825.52 ?
  • 1Cx monoploid genome size (Mbp): 412.76 ?
  • Genomic GC content: 40.3 % ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: native ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Hemeroby: oligohemerobic, mesohemerobic ?
  • Urbanity: urbanophobic ?
  •   Ellenberg-type indicator values
  • Light indicator value: 6 - between 5 and 7; rarely at less than 20% of diffuse radiation incident in an open area ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 6x - (generalist) ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 4 - between 3 and 5 ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 7 - indicator of slightly acidic to slightly basic conditions, never occurring in very acidic conditions ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 4 - between 3 and 5 ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 - not salt tolerant, glycophyte ?
  •   Indicator values for disturbance ?
  • Whole-community disturbance frequency indicator value: 1.72
  • Herb layer disturbance frequency indicator value: 0.69
  • Whole-community disturbance severity indicator value: 0.26
  • Herb layer disturbance severity indicator value: 0.17
  • Whole-community structure based disturbance indicator value: 0.2
  • Herb layer structure-based disturbance indicator value: 0.28

Habitat and sociology

  •   Occurrence in habitats ?
  •   2 Alpine and subalpine grasslands
  • 2B Subalpine tall-forb and tall-grass vegetation: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   6 Meadows and mesic pastures
  • 6A Mesic Arrhenatherum meadows: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 6C Pastures and park grasslands: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   7 Acidophilous grasslands
  • 7B Submontane Nardus grasslands: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   8 Dry grasslands
  • 8A Hercynian dry grasslands on rock outcrops: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8B Submediterranean dry grasslands on rock outcrops: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8C Narow-leaved sub-continental steppes: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8D Broad-leaved dry grasslands: 2 - optimum
  • 8E Acidophilous dry grasslands: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8F Thermophilous forest fringe vegetation: 2 - optimum
  •   11 Heathlands and scrub
  • 11A Dry lowland to subalpine heathlands: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 11H Subalpine deciduous scrub: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 11L Tall mesic and xeric shrub: 2 - optimum
  • 11N Low xeric scrub: 2 - optimum
  • 11R Scrub and pioneer woodland of forests clearings: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   12 Forests
  • 12A Alder carrs: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12B Alluvial forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12C Oak-hornbeam forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12D Ravine forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12E Herb-rich beech forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12F Limestone beech forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12G Acidophilous beech forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12H Peri-Alpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12I Sub-continental thermophilous oak forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12J Acidophilous thermophilous oak forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12K Acidophilous oak forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12L Boreo-continental pine forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12O Peri-Alpidic pine forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12T Robinia pseudacacia plantations: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12U Plantations of broad-leaved non-native trees: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12V Picea plantations: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12W Pinus and Larix plantations: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   13 Anthropogenic vegetation
  • 13D Perennial thermophilous ruderal vegetation: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 13F Herbaceous vegetation of forests clearings and Rubus scrub: 2 - optimum
  •   Affinity to the forest environment ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 1.2 - taxon occurring mainly along forest edges and in forest openings, including forest roads and paths, windthrow sites, burnt sites and forest clearings
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 1.2 - taxon occurring mainly along forest edges and in forest openings, including forest roads and paths, windthrow sites, burnt sites and forest clearings
  •   Diagnostic taxa ?
  •   Constant taxa ?
  •   Ecological specialization indices ?
  • Ecological specialization index for all vegetation types: 4.2
  • Ecological specialization index for non-forest vegetation: 4.4
  • Ecological specialization index for forest vegetation: 5.2

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: boreal, northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional ?
  • Floristic region: Europe, Americas ?
  • Distribution range extension along the continentality gradient: 5 ?
  • Altitudinal belt in the Czech Republic: lowlands, colline belt, submontane belt (montane belt) ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and in quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 600, 1761 ?
  •   Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 1.5 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 3.9 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 0 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 2.4 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 18 %
  •   Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 34
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 11
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 7
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 4

Threats and protection

  • Legal protection: not protected by law ?

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