Hemerocallis fulva

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Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.5–1.5
    ?
  • Growth form: clonal herb
    ?
  • Life form: geophyte
    ?
  • Life strategy: C – competitor
    ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified
    ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): rosulate
    ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire
    ?
  • Stipules: absent
    ?
  • Petiole: absent
    ?
  • Leaf life span: summer green
    ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: June–July
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  • Flower colour: orange
    ?
  • Flower symmetry: actinomorphic
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  • Perianth type: homochlamydeous
    ?
  • Perianth fusion: fused
    ?
  • Shape of the sympetalous corolla or syntepalous perianth: funnel-shaped
    ?
  • Inflorescence type: bostryx
    ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious
    ?
  • Generative reproduction type: allogamy self-incompatibility
    ?
  • Pollination syndrome: insect-pollination
    ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – capsule
    ?
  • Reproduction type: only vegetatively
    ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Zea (no dispersal)
    ?
  • Myrmecochory: myrmecochorous
    ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot metamorphosis: rhizome
    ?
  • Root metamorphosis: secondary storage root
    ?
  • Storage organ: rhizome, secondary storage root
    ?
  • Type of clonal growth organ: epigeogenous rhizome
    ?
  • Freely dispersible organs of clonal growth: absent
    ?
  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): dicyclic or polycyclic shoots prevailing
    ?
  • Branching type of stem-derived organs of clonal growth: sympodial
    ?
  • Primary root: absent
    ?
  • Persistence of the clonal growth organ [year]: 3
    ?
  • Number of clonal offspring: 2.7
    ?
  • Lateral spreading distance by clonal growth [m]: 0.04
    ?
  • Clonal index: 3
    ?
  • Bud bank

    ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 15
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 20
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 4
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 15
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 20
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 4

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic
    ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous
    ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts
    ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: neophyte
    ?
  • Invasion status: casual
    ?
  • Geographic origin: Asia
    ?
  • Year of the first record in the wild: 1883
    ?
  • Introduction pathway: deliberate introduction
    ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Ellenberg-type indicator values

  • Light indicator value: 5 – semi-shade plant, only exceptionally occurring in full light, but usually at more than 10% of the diffuse radiation incident in an open area
    ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 – not salt tolerant, glycophyte
    ?

Habitat and sociology

  • Occurrence in habitats

    ?
  • 11 Heathlands and scrub

  • 11R Scrub and pioneer woodland of forests clearings: 2 – optimum
  • 12 Forests

  • 12T Robinia pseudacacia plantations: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12U Plantations of broad-leaved non-native trees: 2 – optimum
  • 13 Anthropogenic vegetation

  • 13D Perennial thermophilous ruderal vegetation: 2 – optimum
  • 13E Perennial nitrophilous herbaceous vegetation of mesic sites: 1 – rare occurrence
  • Affinity to the forest environment

    ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: submeridional
    ?
  • Floristic region: Eastern Europe, Asia
    ?
  • Continentality degree: 5
    ?
  • Distribution range extension along the continentality gradient: 3
    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 162, 217
    ?
  • Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 0 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 1.5 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 2 %
  • Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 5
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 3
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 3
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 3

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): taxon is not on the Red List
    ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): LC(NA) – least concern (taxon is not on the Red List)
    ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law
    ?
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