Tragopogon orientalis

new search

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.3–1.1
    ?
  • Growth form: monocarpic perennial non-clonal herb
    ?
  • Life form: therophyte (hemicryptophyte)
    ?
  • Life strategy: CSR – competitor/stress-tolerator/ruderal
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method based on leaf traits): CR
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, C-score): 42 %
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, S-score): 0 %
    ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, R-score): 58 %
    ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified
    ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): alternate
    ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire
    ?
  • Stipules: absent
    ?
  • Petiole: absent
    ?
  • Leaf life span: summer green
    ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic
    ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: May–August
    ?
  • Flowering phase: 5 Sorbus aucuparia-Galium odoratum (end of mid-spring)
    ?
  • Flower colour: yellow
    ?
  • Flower symmetry: zygomorphic
    ?
  • Perianth type: calyx reduced, corolla present
    ?
  • Perianth fusion: fused
    ?
  • Shape of the sympetalous corolla or syntepalous perianth: ligulate
    ?
  • Calyx fusion: pappus
    ?
  • Inflorescence type: corymbus ex anthodiis compositus
    ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious
    ?
  • Generative reproduction type: mixed mating
    ?
  • Pollination syndrome: insect-pollination, selfing
    ?
  • Pollinator spectrum: nitidulids (honeybee, bumblebees, solitary bees, other Hymenoptera, hoverflies, flies s. l., meat flies s. l., other Diptera, butterflies, beetles, other pollinators)
    ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – achene/cypsela/samara
    ?
  • Fruit colour: white, yellow, brown
    ?
  • Reproduction type: only by seed/spores
    ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): fruit, infrutescence or its part
    ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Epilobium (mainly anemochory and autochory)
    ?
  • Myrmecochory: probably non-myrmecochorous
    ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Root metamorphosis: primary storage root
    ?
  • Storage organ: primary storage root
    ?
  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): dicyclic or polycyclic shoots prevailing
    ?
  • Primary root: present
    ?
  • Position of root buds: primary root
    ?
  • Role of root buds in life-history of a plant: additive
    ?
  • Bud bank

    ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 6
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 11
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 3
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 8
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 15
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 28
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 10

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic
    ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous
    ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts
    ?

Karyology

  • Chromosome number (2n): 12
    ?
  • Ploidy level (x): 2
    ?
  • 2C genome size [Mbp]: 4728.56
    ?
  • 1Cx monoploid genome size [Mbp]: 2364.28
    ?
  • Genomic GC content: 39.2 %
    ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: native
    ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Ellenberg-type indicator values

  • Light indicator value: 7 – half-light plant, mostly occurring at full light, but also in the shade up to about 30% of diffuse radiation incident in an open area
    ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 4 – transition between values 3 and 5
    ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 7 – indicator of slightly acidic to slightly basic conditions, never occurring in very acidic conditions
    ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 6 – transition between values 5 and 7
    ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 – not salt tolerant, glycophyte
    ?
  • Indicator values for disturbance

    ?
  • Whole-community disturbance frequency indicator value: -0.17
  • Herb layer disturbance frequency indicator value: -0.04
  • Whole-community disturbance severity indicator value: 0.31
  • Herb layer disturbance severity indicator value: 0.34
  • Whole-community structure based disturbance indicator value: 0.62
  • Herb layer structure-based disturbance indicator value: 0.76

Habitat and sociology

  • Occurrence in habitats

    ?
  • 6 Meadows and mesic pastures

  • 6A Mesic Arrhenatherum meadows: 2 – optimum
  • 6B Montane mesic meadows: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 6C Pastures and park grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 6D Alluvial meadows of lowland rivers: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 6F Intermittently wet Molinia meadows: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 7 Acidophilous grasslands

  • 7B Submontane Nardus grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 8 Dry grasslands

  • 8C Narrow-leaved sub-continental steppes: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 8D Broad-leaved dry grasslands: 2 – optimum
  • 8E Acidophilous dry grasslands: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 8F Thermophilous forest fringe vegetation: 2 – optimum
  • 9 Sand grasslands and rock-outcrop vegetation

  • 9F Basiphilous vegetation of spring therophytes and succulents: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 11 Heathlands and scrub

  • 11L Tall mesic and xeric shrub: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 11N Low xeric scrub: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12 Forests

  • 12I Sub-continental thermophilous oak forests: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 12W Pine and larch plantations: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 13 Anthropogenic vegetation

  • 13A Annual vegetation of ruderal habitats: 1 – rare occurrence
  • 13D Perennial thermophilous ruderal vegetation: 1 – rare occurrence
  • Affinity to the forest environment

    ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Diagnostic taxon

    ?
  • Diagnostic taxon of associations: THF02 Brachypodio pinnati-Molinietum arundinaceae
  • Ecological specialization indices

    ?
  • Ecological specialization index for all vegetation types: 5.6
  • Ecological specialization index for non-forest vegetation: 5.7
  • Colonization ability

    ?
  • Index of colonization success (ICS): 3
  • Index of colonization potential (ICP): 2
  • Optimum successional age [years]: 16

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional
    ?
  • Floristic region: Europe, Western Siberia
    ?
  • Continentality degree: 6
    ?
  • Distribution range extension along the continentality gradient: 6
    ?
  • Elevational belt in the Czech Republic: lowlands, colline belt, submontane belt, montane belt
    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 450, 1173
    ?
  • Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 0.8 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 1.2 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 0 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 0 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 2 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 13 %
  • Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic

    ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 17
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 3
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 7
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 2

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): taxon is not on the Red List
    ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): LC(NA) – least concern (taxon is not on the Red List)
    ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law
    ?
This web page uses for the attendance analysis cookies. By using this web you agree with this. More info.