Tulipa ×gesneriana

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Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 0.3–0.5
    ?
  • Life form: geophyte
    ?
  • Life strategy: CSR – competitor/stress-tolerator/ruderal
    ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present, not modified
    ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): alternate
    ?
  • Leaf shape: simple – entire
    ?
  • Stipules: absent
    ?
  • Petiole: absent
    ?
  • Leaf life span: spring green
    ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic
    ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: April-May
    ?
  • Flower colour: white, yellow, red
    ?
  • Flower symmetry: actinomorphic
    ?
  • Perianth type: homochlamydeous
    ?
  • Perianth fusion: free
    ?
  • Inflorescence type: flores solitarii
    ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious
    ?
  • Pollination syndrome: insect-pollination
    ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: dry fruit – capsule
    ?
  • Fruit colour: brown
    ?
  • Reproduction type: mostly vegetatively, rarely by seed/spores
    ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): seed
    ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Allium (mainly autochory)
    ?

Belowground organs and clonality

  • Shoot metamorphosis: bulb
    ?
  • Storage organ: bulb
    ?
  • Type of clonal growth organ: bulb
    ?
  • Freely dispersible organs of clonal growth: absent
    ?
  • Shoot life span (cyclicity): monocyclic shoots prevailing
    ?
  • Branching type of stem-derived organs of clonal growth: sympodial
    ?
  • Primary root: absent
    ?
  • Persistence of the clonal growth organ [year]: 1
    ?
  • Number of clonal offspring: 1
    ?
  • Lateral spreading distance by clonal growth [m]: 0.01
    ?
  • Clonal index: 3
    ?
  • Bud bank

    ?
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds excluded): 0
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds excluded): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds excluded): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds excluded): 5
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds exluded) [cm]: 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at the soil surface (root buds included): 0
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth of 0–10 cm (root buds included): 5
  • Number of buds per shoot at a depth greater than 10 cm (root buds included): 0
  • Size of the belowground bud bank (root buds included): 5
  • Depth of the belowground bud bank (root buds included) [cm]: 5

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic
    ?
  • Carnivory: non-carnivorous
    ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts
    ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: neophyte
    ?
  • Invasion status: casual
    ?
  • Geographic origin: anecophyte
    ?
  • Introduction pathway: deliberate introduction
    ?

Habitat and sociology

  • Affinity to the forest environment

    ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 0 – taxon that does not spontaneously occur in Czech forests
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