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Prunus mahaleb

Habitus and growth type

  • Height [m]: 1.5-15 ?
  • Life form: nanophanerophyte (macrophanerophyte) ?
  • Life strategy: C - competitor ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method based on leaf traits): S/CSR ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, C-score): 22.9 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, S-score): 52.4 % ?
  • Life strategy (Pierce method, R-score): 24.7 % ?

Leaf

  • Leaf presence and metamorphosis: leaves present ?
  • Leaf arrangement (phyllotaxis): alternate ?
  • Leaf type: simple ?
  • Simple leaf type: entire ?
  • Stipules: present ?
  • Petiole: present ?
  • Leaf persistence: summer green ?
  • Leaf anatomy: mesomorphic ?

Flower

  • Flowering period [month]: April-May ?
  • Flowering phase: 4 Fagus-Lamiastrum (start of mid-spring) ?
  • Flower colour: white ?
  • Flower symmetry: actinomorphic ?
  • Perianth: calyx and corolla ?
  • Fusion of the perianth: free ?
  • Calyx fusion: aposepalous ?
  • Inflorescence type: racemus ?
  • Dicliny: synoecious ?
  • Generative reproduction mode: allogamy self-incompatibility ?
  • Pollen vector: insects ?

Fruit, seed and dispersal

  • Fruit type: fleshy fruit - drupe ?
  • Fruit colour: black ?
  • Reproduction type: only by seed/spores ?
  • Dispersal unit (diaspore): seed, fruit, infrutescence or its part ?
  • Myrmecochory: 5 - non-myrmecochorous (b): elaiosome not present and taxon not reported as myrmecochorous in the literature ?
  • Dispersal strategy: Cornus ?

Trophic mode

  • Parasitism and mycoheterotrophy: autotrophic ?
  • Carnivory: no ?
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixing: no nitrogen-fixing symbionts ?

Karyology

  • Chromosome number (2n): 16 ?
  • Ploidy level (x): 2 ?
  • 2C genome size (Mbp): 584.38 ?
  • 1Cx monoploid genome size (Mbp): 292.19 ?
  • Genomic GC content: 40.3 % ?

Taxon origin

  • Origin in the Czech Republic: native ?

Ecological indicator values

  • Hemeroby: oligohemerobic, mesohemerobic, β-euhemerobic ?
  • Urbanity: urbanoneutral ?
  •   Ellenberg-type indicator values
  • Light indicator value: 7 - half-light plant, mostly occurring at full light, but also in the shade up to about 30% of diffuse radiation incident in an open area ?
  • Temperature indicator value: 7 - heat indicator, occurring in relatively warm lowlands ?
  • Moisture indicator value: 3 - missing on damp soil ?
  • Reaction indicator value: 8 - between 7 and 9, occurring mostly in calcium-rich conditions ?
  • Nutrient indicator value: 4 - between 3 and 5 ?
  • Salinity indicator value: 0 - not salt tolerant, glycophyte ?
  •   Indicator values for disturbance ?
  • Whole-community disturbance frequency indicator value: 1.56
  • Herb layer disturbance frequency indicator value: 1.05
  • Whole-community disturbance severity indicator value: 0.25
  • Herb layer disturbance severity indicator value: 0.17
  • Whole-community structure based disturbance indicator value: 0.25
  • Herb layer structure-based disturbance indicator value: 0.4

Habitat and sociology

  •   Occurrence in habitats ?
  •   8 Dry grasslands
  • 8A Hercynian dry grasslands on rock outcrops: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8B Submediterranean dry grasslands on rock outcrops: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8C Narow-leaved sub-continental steppes: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8D Broad-leaved dry grasslands: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8E Acidophilous dry grasslands: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 8F Thermophilous forest fringe vegetation: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   11 Heathlands and scrub
  • 11L Tall mesic and xeric shrub: 2 - optimum
  • 11N Low xeric scrub: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 11R Scrub and pioneer woodland of forests clearings: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   12 Forests
  • 12H Peri-Alpidic basiphilous thermophilous oak forests: 2 - optimum
  • 12J Acidophilous thermophilous oak forests: 1 - rare occurrence
  • 12W Pinus and Larix plantations: 1 - rare occurrence
  •   Affinity to the forest environment ?
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Thermophyticum: 2.1 - taxon occurring both in the forest and open vegetation
  • Affinity to the forest environment in Mesophyticum and Oreophyticum: 2.1 - taxon occurring both in the forest and open vegetation
  •   Diagnostic taxa ?
  •   Constant taxa ?
  •   Dominant taxa ?
  •   Ecological specialization indices ?
  • Ecological specialization index for all vegetation types: 4.2
  • Ecological specialization index for non-forest vegetation: 4.6
  • Ecological specialization index for forest vegetation: 4.4

Distribution and frequency

  • Floristic zone: northern temperate, southern temperate, submeridional, meridional ?
  • Floristic region: Europe, Western Asia ?
  • Continentality degree: 6 ?
  • Distribution range extension along the continentality gradient: 5 ?
  • Altitudinal belt in the Czech Republic: lowlands, colline belt ?
  • Occurrence frequency in the basic grid mapping cells and in quadrants of the basic grid mapping cells: 186, 315 ?
  •   Commonness in vegetation plots from the Czech Republic ?
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots: 0.1 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 5%: 48.1 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 25%: 25.9 %
  • Occurrence frequency in vegetation plots with a cover above 50%: 14.8 %
  • Mean percentage cover in vegetation plots: 18.3 %
  • Maximum percentage cover in vegetation plots: 88 %
  •   Number of habitats with taxon occurrence in the Czech Republic ?
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon occurs: 12
  • Number of narrow habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 2
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon occurs: 3
  • Number of broad habitats in which the taxon has its optimum: 2

Threats and protection

  • Red List 2017 (national categories): C3 - vulnerable taxon ?
  • Red List 2017 (IUCN categories): NT - near threatened ?
  • Legal protection: not protected by law ?

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